Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
We discuss results of test observations of the 3–6 GHz range array of the Siberian Radio Heliograph (SRH). A method for calibrating brightness temperatures of images was verified using measurements of the brightness temperature of the quiet Sun at a minimum between solar activity cycles 20 and 21 known in the literature. The obtained time dependences of the integral solar flux at 2.8 GHz are similar to those measured at the Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory (DRAO), but the absolute values of SRH fluxes are lower relative to the DRAO fluxes by 10–15 %. The spectral density of the solar microwave flux at a frequency of 2.8 GHz, the so-called F10.7 index, is one of the main solar activity indices used as input parameters in models of Earth’s ionosphere. The paper considers the relationship between total radio fluxes and changes in the structure of sources on the solar disk during an interval of 50 days. During the period of daily observations from September 1 to October 20, 2021, the number of active regions on the disk changed several times, and the integral flux density at 2.8 GHz changed up to 1.5 times. We determine the relative contributions to the integral flux of bremsstrahlung of near-limb brightenings and plage regions, as well as bremsstrahlung in magnetic fields of active regions. The measured brightness temperatures of SRH radio maps are compared to the model temperatures calculated from observations of extreme ultraviolet emission (EUV) with the AIA/SDO telescope. The results of the analysis can be used to organize regular measurements of the corrected solar activity proxy index F10.7 at SRH, in which the contribution of gyroresonance emission is excluded.

total solar flux, F10.7 index
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