Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The Siberian Radioheliograph (SRH) correlation plot is the time dependence of the sum of absolute values of complex correlations over all baselines. These plots are built for each operating frequency of SRH. The correlation is related not only to the spatial coherence of the incident microwave emission but also to antenna gains. That is why we have to consider real SRH antenna gains and shadowings. Correlation plots obtained by SRH are related to microwave flux density of the Sun and spatial features of microwave sources. Also the correlation plots show variability of SRH beam pattern in time with constant flux density and spatial structure of sources. The SRH beam pattern depends on position of the Sun with respect to SRH, which changes with time. This leads to variations of these plots, which can be confused, for example, with the quasi-harmonic oscillations of the microwave flux produced by sources located above sunspots. Because the solar disk is an extended source, the correlation plot variability is mostly due to the SRH response to the quiet Sun. The smaller is the microwave source, the smaller are the correlation plot variations caused by a change of the beam pattern. Relatively fast variations result from long baseline responses, so it is undesirable to exclude them from the plots. Moreover, the sensitivity of the plots is better when all baselines are taken in account. The impact of the correlation plot variations on the eruptive event response is especially strong because variations of microwave flux during such events are comparable with those of the correlation plots in magnitude and time. From the above it seems reasonable to simulate the SRH response to the quiet solar disk and correct the correlation plots. In this work, we propose a method for simulating correlation plots, which allows us to correct their variations caused by time and frequency dependence of SRH response to the solar disk. The correlation plots are simulated either by summing all model antenna pair responses to the model solar disk or by summing the corresponding values of the solar disk visibility under the assumption that the visibility is ~J1(x)/x, where J1(x) is the Bessel function of the first kind. Also we consider the shadowing of antennas nearest to the center of the SRH antenna array.

solar radio telescope, visibility function, correlation, radio interferometer
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