DESCRIPTIVE GEOMETRY AS THEORY OF IMAGES
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
In April 2016 at the All-Russian seminar "Geometry and Graphics", dedicated to the 125th anniversary of the birth of Glazunov Yevgeny Alexandrovich on a replica of one of the N.A. Salkov paper authors that descriptive geometry is the theory of images, the speaker somehow ambiguously stated that it is not quite so. How, in his opinion, was the case, he did not wish to disclose. Moreover, some graphic disciplines teachers believe descriptive geometry unworthy of study because some of them only known causes. They do not understand that descriptive geometry is the theory of images, and images are everywhere, right down to the computer screen. There is no such area of the human labor application where this or that image wouldn´t be applied. Images are ubiquitous! That is why descriptive geometry as a theory of images should be studied not only in the artistic and technical high educational institutions, but in all ones of Russia. In proposed paper there are numerous examples of the classics (and not only of them), expressed oneself on a subject of descriptive geometry. All statements (of Gaspard Monge, academician N.F. Chetverukhin, professors A.I. Dobryakov, E.A. Glazunov, V.O. Gordon, G.S. Ivanov, S.M. Kolotov, V.A. Peklich, N.A. Rynin, S.A. Frolov, etc.) are reduced to one and the same: a projection is an image, and descriptive geometry is the theory of images. A diagram showing that descriptive geometry’s interest area includes not only drawing, but also thirteen other sections, has been presented.

Keywords:
geometry, descriptive geometry, theory of images, projection, image, axonometric, perspective, projections with numerical marks
Text

В апреле 2016 г. на Всероссийском семинаре «Геометрия и графика», посвященном 125-летию со дня рождения Евгения Александровича Глазунова, на реплику автора данной статьи Н.А. Салькова, что начертательная геометрия является теорией изображений, докладчик как-то двусмысленно заявил, что это не совсем так. Как же, по его мнению, обстоит дело, он не пожелал раскрыть.

Попробуем разобраться в возникшем недопонимании среди геометров, как же в действительности обстоит дело, на многочисленных примерах мнений авторов, ставших классиками, и других, пока еще не ставших ими.

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