BASES OF SCIENTIFIC DATA, CITATION INDEX, AND HOW TO INCREASE IT
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Scientometrical indicators for scientist activity, scientific magazines, citation indexes, methods of their definition and work with them have been considered. Main bases for scientific data – Scopus, Web of Science, Russian index of scientific citation (Russian science citation index) have been presented, rules of their use and work with them. Merits and demerits of the main scientometrical indicators are analyzed and recommendations for increase of scientist citation index are given. Scientific article’s structure, as well as requirements to its basic elements influencing a paper’s citation level, have been explained, recommendations for preparation of such paper’s basic elements as its heading, abstract, keywords, citable sources’ bibliography have been given. The structure for the paper’s main text has been considered and recommendations on its writing have been given. A conclusion is drawn that one of the reasons related to low level citation of Russian scientists, and references to publications in Russian magazines is a lack of culture in writing of scientific papers and not observance of their preparation rules that complicates their annotation in bases of scientific data.

Keywords:
scientometrical indicator, citation index, bases of scientific data, scientific paper, scientific paper’s structure, paper abstract.
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1. Введение

В последнее время при оценке деятельности научных организаций и учебных заведений большое значение придается публикационной активности сотрудников и уровню цитирования их научных работ. Эти показатели относятся к наиболее важным критериям, определяющим рейтинг организации и личный рейтинг ученого в научном мире. Количество публикаций и их цитирований также определяют академическую узнаваемость организации и ученого. Пока российские научные организации, особенно российские вузы, занимают низкие позиции в ведущих мировых рейтингах [1, 2]. Это связано не только с недостатками мировых рейтингов, уровнем научных исследований российских ученых, но и с недостаточным уровнем знаний о современных наукометрических показателях и методах продвижения своих научных работ в ведущие базы данных и повышения их цитирования. Краткому изложению этих вопросов и посвящена эта публикация.

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