Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
We present the results of numerical modeling of a traveling ionospheric disturbance that causes z-shaped bends at the Pedersen ray of oblique incidence ionograms. The results of trajectory synthesis of oblique incidence ionograms are given for the ionosphere, taking into account the traveling ionospheric disturbance. In the work, we use the International Reference Ionosphere, adapted to experimental data, and the Global Model of the Ionosphere and Plasmasphere.

Ionosphere, Oblique sounding, Ionogram, Traveling ionospheric disturbance
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