Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The Polar Geophysical Institute has developed a complex facility for continuously monitoring various components of secondary cosmic rays. Gamma radiation during precipitation events has been found to increase the year round regardless of the season. A series of experiments has revealed that there is no precipitation pollution by any natural or artificial radionuclides. Radiation spectrum does not have any characteristic lines of elements. We propose a mechanism providing a satisfactory description for this phenomenon.

Gamma radiation, precipitation, increase
Publication text (PDF): Read Download

1. Balabin Y.V., Germanenko A.V., Gvozdevsky B.B., Vashenyuk E.V. Variations in the natural X-ray background in the polar atmosphere // Geomagnetism and Aeronomy. 2014. V. 54, no. 3. pp. 347-356. DOI: 10.1134/ S0016793214020029.

2. Dorman L.I. Eksperimental’nye i teoreticheskie osnovy astrofiziki kosmicheskikh luchei [Experimental and Theoretical Foundations of Cosmic Ray Astrophysics]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1975. 463 p. (in Russian).

3. Dorman L.I. Meteorologicheskie effekty kosmicheskikh luchei [Meteorological Effects of Cosmic Rays]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1972, 211 p. (in Russian).

4. Germanenko A.V., Balabin Yu.V., Vashenyuk E.V., et al. Natural gamma background variations during precipitation. Vestnik Kol’skogo Nauchnogo Tsentra RAN [Bulletin of Kola Science Centre of RAS]. 2010, iss. 3, pp. 104-109 (in Russian).

5. Germanenko A.V., Balabin Yu.V., Gvozdevsky B.B., et al. High-energy photons connected to atmospheric precipitations // Astrophys. Space Sci. Trans. 2011, vol. 7. pp. 471-475. DOI:

6. GOST 20426-82. Kontrol’ nerazrushayushchii. Metody detektoskopii radiatsionnye. Oblast’ primeneniya. [State Standard. 20426-82. Non-destructive testing. Methods of defectoscopy radiation. Field of application]. Moscow, Standartinform Publ., 1983, 23 p. (in Russian).

7. Grigoriev I.S., Melihov E.Z. Fizicheskie velichiny: spravochnik [Physical Values: Handbook]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1991, 1231 p.

8. Gvozdevsky B.B., Balabin Yu.V., Germanenko A.V., Vashenyuk E.V. On the origin of X-ray increases during precipitations // Proceedings of ICRC-2011. 2011, vol. 11, id 0863, pp. 397-400.

9. Hayakawa S. Cosmic Ray Physics. Nuclear and Astrophysical aspects. New York, Wiley-Interscience, 1969, 774 p. (Russian edition: Hayakava S. Fizika kosmicheskikh luchei [Physics of Cosmic Rays]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1974, 1042 p.).

10. Heitler W. The Quantum Theory of Radiation. Clarendon Press., 1954, 430 p. (Russian edition: Gaitler V. Kvantovaya teoriya izlucheniya [The Quantum Theory of Radiation]. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo inostrannoi literatury, 1956, 492 p.).

11. Katsnelson B.V., Kalugin A.M., Larionov A.S. Elektrovakuumnye elektronnye i gazorazryadnye pribory: spravochnik [Electric Vacuum and Gas-Electronic Devices: Handbook]. Moscow, Radio i Svyaz’ Publ., 1985, 864 p. (in Russian).

12. Lidvansky A.S., Chaerdinov N.S. The dynamics of cosmic rays in the electrostatic field of the atmosphere and the generation of particles thunderclouds // Bulletin of The Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics. 2007, vol. 71, no. 7, pp. 1060-1062 (in Russian).

13. Matveev L.T. Kurs obshchei meteorologii [The Course of General Meteorology]. Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1984, 752 p. (in Russian).

14. Maurchev E.A., Balabin Y.V., Gvozdevsky B.B., Vashenyuk E.V. A new numerical model for investigating cosmic rays in the Earth’s atmosphere // Bulletin of The Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics. 2015, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 657-659. DOI:

15. Mendonҫa R.R.S. de, Raulin J.-P., Bertoni F.C.P., et al. Long-term and transient time variation of cosmic ray fluxes detected in Argentina by CARPET cosmic ray detector // J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys. 2011, vol. 73. pp. 1410-1416. DOI: 2010.09.034.

16. Rust W.D., Trapp R.J., Initial balloon soundings of the electric field in winter nimbostratus clouds in the USA // Geophys. Res. Lett. 2012, vol. 29, pp. 1959-1962. DOI: 10.1029/ 2002GL015278.

17. Shishaev V.A., Beloglazov M.I. An automatic recorder of atmospheric precipitations // Instruments and Experimental Techniques. 2011, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 291-293. DOI: 10.1134/ S0020441211020084.

18. Vashenyuk E.V., Balabin Yu.V., Germanenko A.V., Gvozdevsky B.B. Study of radiation related with atmospheric precipitations // Proceedings of ICRC-2011. 2011, vol. 11, id 0328, pp. 360-363.

Login or Create
* Forgot password?