Аннотация и ключевые слова
Аннотация (русский):
It is proposed to use the methods of fractal analysis to determine the morphological characteristics of the structure of structural materials. The questions of fractal aggregation of particles in the process of crystallization of ductile iron are considered, an austenitic-graphite cell is used as an elementary particle. Based on the mesh method, images of the microstructure of ductile irons are analysed and conclusions are drawn about the similarity of the nature of the process of their crystallization and fractal aggregation of particles. Based on the calculated fractal dimensions, a theory is proposed to explain the features of the crystallization process of ductile irons.

Ключевые слова:
fractal analysis, dimension, cluster, aggregation, material, cast iron, graphite, inclusions, crystallization
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