Abstract (English):
The textbook is devoted to the analysis of the phenomenon of childhood in the history of culture and modernity in the context of an interdisciplinary direction-the social psychology of childhood. The author traces the evolution of the most important social communities responsible for the formation of a child's personality — the family and the children's community; analyzes the conditions and mechanisms of manifestation of the ability to compassion and compassion in groups of boys and girls; reveals the uniqueness of the children's subculture and its importance in building a child's picture of the world — an integral system of relations. The special drama of the development of modern childhood, risks and vulnerability, strength and resilience in finding security are shown. Meets the requirements of the Federal state educational standard of higher education of the latest generation.