THE FATE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND LESSONS FOR RUSSIA
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The monograph reveals the history of the creation of the European Union and its current situation, which is characterized by instability and lack of genuine unity. In an effort to integrate everything and everyone in a short time, European leaders and officials have overestimated their strength. Meanwhile, every European country retains its identity and is in no hurry to give it up. Russia and the participants of integration interstate associations should learn lessons from the fate of the European Union: not to force rapprochement, not to encroach on the state sovereignty of its members, to respect the opinion of ordinary people. The publication is intended for specialists in the field of European politics, European law, international relations, as well as for a wide range of readers interested in the political life of Europe.

Keywords:
European Union, interstate integration association, dynamics of European integration, federalization, European law, European Court of Human Rights
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К ЧИТАТЕЛЮ
Евросоюз как первое в мире межгосударственное интеграционное объединение широкого профиля, контуры которого были прописаны в Римском договоре 1957 г., в 2017 г. отметил свое 60-летие. За этот срок организация накопила солидный опыт — как позитивный, так и негативный. С одной стороны, беспрецедентный союз европейских государств и народов породил немало смелых и радужных ожиданий и вызвал со стороны отдельных стран и экспертов желание подражать. С другой стороны, стремление получить «все и сразу», действовать вопреки складывающейся ситуации, игнорировать тревожные сигналы, подаваемые общественностью, привело к кризису в объединенной Европе. Насколько серьезным и длительным он будет — сказать трудно. Но из происходящего требуется сделать выводы.
Авторы данной монографии посчитали необходимым рассмотреть не только истоки и динамику развития Евросоюза, но и своеобразие положения, складывающегося в ведущих государствах-членах. Анализу подвергаются те или иные историко-государственные традиции конкретной страны, которые влияют или могут повлиять на ситуацию в ней. Описываются конституционно-политическая система и партийный ландшафт, социально-экономическое положение, взаимоотношения с Евросоюзом. Определенный интерес представляет состояние общественного мнения. Все упомянутые характеристики, несомненно, будут весьма сильно отличаться друг от друга для каждой страны. Они самым наилучшим образом свидетельствуют о трудностях евроинтеграции и одновременно призваны навести на мысль, что форсирование объединительных процессов неконструктивно для любых союзов. Это требуется принимать во внимание и на просторах Евразии, где несомненным лидером интеграции является Россия.
Авторский коллектив особо отмечает вклад Института Европы РАН в исследование европейской проблематики и выражает благодарность его директору, члену-корреспонденту РАН А.А. Громыко за возможность использовать регулярно присылаемые в адрес Пензенского регионального отделения Ассоциации европейских исследований труды Института.

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