Conservation of iron archaeological objects
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The monograph presents information on the conservation of iron archaeological objects by water alkaline treatment under normal and subcritical temperatures and pressures. Data on physical and chemical bases of destruction of iron archaeological objects at various stages of their existence are also generalized. For specialists in the field of archeology, chemical technology, graduate students, undergraduates engaged in research, restoration and preservation of archaeological objects.

Keywords:
conservation, iron archaeological object, water alkaline washing, normal and critical temperatures and pressures, resolution of iron archaeological objects
Text
Publication text (PDF): Read Download
Table of contents (PDF): Read Download
References

1. Buravlev I.Yu. Nekotorye aspekty restavracionno-konservacionnoy praktiki / I.Yu. Buravlev // Vestnik DVO RAN. — 2012. — № 5. — S. 94–105.

2. Kradin N.N. Itogi i perspektivy razvitiya arheologii Dal'nego Vostoka Rossii / N.N. Kradin // Vestnik DVO RAN. — 2013. — № 1. — S. 10–20.

3. Len'kov V.D. Metallurgiya i metalloobrabotka u chzhur-chzheney v XII v. (po materialam issledovaniy Shayginskogo goro-discha) / V.D. Len'kov.– Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1974. — 175 s.

4. Len'kov V.D. Metody estestvennyh nauk v arheologiche-skom izuchenie drevnih proizvodstv na Dal'nem Vostoke SSSR / V.D. Len'kov. — Vladivostok: DVNC AN SSSR, 1986. — 148 s.

5. Kon'kova L.V. Bronzoliteynoe proizvodstvo na yuge Dal'nego Vostoka SSSR (rubezh II–I tys. do n.e. — XIII vek n.e.). / L.V. Kon'kova. — Leningrad: Nauka, 1989. — 124 s.

6. Aleksandrov A.V. Paleometall severo-zapadnoy chasti Tihogo okeana / A.V. Aleksandrov, S.A. Arutyunov, D.L. Brodyan-skiy. — Vladivoctok: Izd-vo Dal'nevost. un-ta, 1982. — 104 s.

7. Bobrov Yu.G. Teoriya restavracii pamyatnikov iskusstva: zakonomernosti i protivorechiya / Yu.G. Bobrov– M.: Edsmit, 2004. — 344 s.

8. Zverev V.V. Ot ponovleniya k nauchnoy restavracii. / V.V. Zverev– M.: RIO GosNIIR, 1999. — 100 s.

9. Yahont O.V. Problemy konservacii, restavracii i atri-bucii iskusstva / O.V. Yahont. — M.: SkanRus, 2010. — 463 s.

10. Ancient and historic metals. Conservation and scientific re-search // Proceedings of a Symposium Organized by the J. Paul Getty Museum and the Getty Conservation Institute November 1991 / ed. Scott D.A., Podany J., Considine B.B. 1991. — P. 304.

11. Formakovskiy M.V. Konservaciya i restavraciya muzey-nyh kollekciy / M.V. Formakovskiy. — M., 1947. — 144 s.

12. Kim Y.-H. Conservation of cultural properties in Korea / Y.-H. Kim // The 6th Workshop for Korean art curators, Oct. 2004. — Seoul: Korea Foundation, 2004. — P. 63–67.

13. Muñoz-Viñas S. Contemporary Theory of Conservation/ S. Muñoz-Viñas. — Elsevier. Butterworth-Heinemann, 2005. — 239 p.

14. Torraca G. The application of science and technology to conservation practice / G. Torraca // Science, technology and European cultural heritage: Proc. of the Europ. Symp. Bologna, Italy, 13–16 June 1989. — Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1989. — P. 221–232.

15. Torraca G. The scientist in conservation / G. Torraca // GCI Newsl. — 1999. — Vol. 14, № 8. — P. 8–11.

16. Kir'yanov A.V. Restavraciya arheologicheskih predmetov / pod red. O.N. Bader., A.V. Kir'yanov. — M.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1960. — 96 s.

17. Formakovskiy M.V. Ocherki po metodike tehnologiche-skogo issledovaniya, restavracii i konservacii drevnih metalli-cheskih izdeliy. / M.V. Formakovskiy. — M.–L.: OGIZ Gosudarst-vennoe social'no-ekonomicheskoe izdatel'stvo, 1935. — 121 s.

18. Yahont O.V. O restavracii i atribucii. / O.V. Yahont. — M.: GosNIIR, 2007. — 272 s.

19. Antunes R.A.Characterization of corrosion product formed on steels in the first months of atmospheric exposure / R.A. Antunes, I. Costa, D.L.A.de Faria // Materia. — 2003. — Vol. 8, № 1. — P. 27–34.

20. Cronyn J.M. The Elements of Archaeological Conservation / J.M. Cronyn — London: Routledge, 1990. — 326 p.

21. Rodgers B.A. The archaeologist’s manual for conservation. A guide to non-toxic, minimal intervention artifact stabilization / B.A. Rodgers. — Kluwer Academic: Plenum Publishers, 2004. — 214 p.

22. Moncrieff A. The science for conservators. Vol. 1: An Intro-duction to Materials/ A.Moncrieff, G.Weaver. — 1st ed. ed. H. Wilks. — Routledge, 1992. — 120 p.

23. Moncrieff A.The science for conservators. Vol. 2: Cleaning. / A. Moncrieff, G. Weaver. — 2nd ed. ed. H. Wilks. — Routledge, 1992. — 140 p.

24. Newey C. The science for conservators. Vol. 3: Adhesives and Coatings / C. Newey, R. Boff, V. Daniels, M. Pascoe, N. Ten-nant. — 2nd ed. ed. H. Wilks. — Routledge, 1992. — 144 p.

25. Horie C.V. Materials for conservation: organic consolidants, adhesives and coatings /C.V. Horie. — 2nd ed. — Butterworth-Heinemann, 2010. — 504 p.

26. Horie C.V. Materials for Conservation: organic consolidants, adhesives and coatings / C.V. Horie. — 1st ed. Butterworth-Heinemann, 1987. — 296 p.

27. Fedoseeva T.S. Materialy dlya restavracii zhivopisi i predmetov prikladnogo iskusstva / T.S. Fedoseeva. — M.: RIO GosNIIR, 1999. — 120 s.

28. Dillmann P. Corrosion of metallic heritage artifacts. Investi-gation, conservation and prediction for long-term behavior / P. Dillmann, G. Beranger, P. Piccardo, H. Matthiesen. — Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2007. — 416 p.

29. Wang Z.Localized corrosion and phase transformation of si-mulated archaeological iron / Z. Wang, C. Xu, X. Dong // Chinese Jour-nal of Chemical Engineering. — 2008. — Vol. 16, № 2. — P. 299–305.

30. Feller R.L. Evaluation of cellulose ethers for conservation / R.L. Feller. — Marina del Rey, California: The Getty Conservation In-stitute, 1993.– 162 p.

31. Selwitz C. Epoxy resins in stone conservation / C. Selwitz. — The Getty Conservation Institute, 1992. — 112 p.

32. Hou B. Study on corrosion simulation device for marine structural steel / B. Hou, B. Xiang// Bulletin of Material Science. — 2003. Vol. 26, № 3. — P. 307–310.

33. Feller R.L. Accelerated aging. Photochemical and thermal aspects / R.L. Feller. — The Getty Conservation Institute, 1994. — 280 p.

34. Lubelli B., van Hees R.P.J., Caspar J.W.P. The effect of environmental conditions on sodium chloride damage / B. Lubelli, R.P.J. van Hees, J.W.P Caspar // Studies on conservation. — 2006. — Vol. 51, № 1. — P. 41–56.

35. Watkinson D., Tanner M., Turner R., Lewis M. ss Great Britain: Teamwork as a platform for innovative conservation / D. Watkinson, M. Tanner, R. Turner, M. Lewis // The Conservator. — 2005. — Vol. 29, № 1. — P. 73–86.

36. Watkinson D. ss Great Britain iron hull: modelling corrosion to define storage relative humidity / D. Watkinson, M. Lewis // Metal. — 2004. — Vol. 44, № October. — P. 88–102.

37. Rimmer M.The impact of chloride desalination on the corro-sion rate of archaeological iron / M. Rimmer, D. Watkinson, Q. Wang // Studies in Conservation. — 2013. — Vol. 58, № 4. — P. 326–337.

38. González N.G. Hunting free and bound chloride in the wrought iron rivets from the American Civil War submarine H.L. Hunley / N.G. González, P. de Viviès, M.J. Drews, P. Mardikian // Journal of American Institute of Conservation. — 2004. — Vol. 43, № 2. — P. 161–174.

39. Drews M.J. The application of subcritical fluids for the stabi-lization of marine archaeological iron / M.J. Drews, N.G. González-Pereyra, P. Mardikian, P. de Viviés // Studies in Conservation. — 2013. — Vol. 58, № 4. — P. 314–325.

40. de Viviés P. Transformation of akaganeite in archaeological iron artefacts using subcritical treatment / P. de Viviés, D. Cook, M.J. Drews, N.G. González, P. Mardikian, J.-B. Memet// Metal 2007: Proceedings of the Interim Meeting of the ICOM-CC Metal Working Group, September 17–21, 2007. — Amsterdam. 2007. — P. 26–30.

41. Balasubramaniam R. On the astronomical significance of the Delhi iron pillar / R. Balasubramaniam, M.I. Dass // Current Science. — 2004. — Vol. 86, № 8. — P. 1134–1142.

42. Balasubramaniam R. Characterisation of ancient indian iron / R. Balasubramaniam, A.V.R. Kumar, P. Dillmann // Science in Archaeology and Archaeomaterials. — 2005. — Vol. 85, № 11. — P. 275–314.

43. Jegdić B.V. Corrosion of an archaeological find from the ro-man period in Serbia / B.V. Jegdić, S.R. Polić Radovanović, S.S. Ristić, A.B. Alil, V. Rajaković-Ognjanović // Zaštita Mater. — 2012. — Vol. 53. — P. 247–252.

44. de Figueiredo J.S.D. Characterization of corrosion products on metals excavated from seal hunters’ occupation in Antarctica in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries / J.S.D. de Figueiredo, O.J.A. dos Santos, G.S.M. de Souza, Y.-A. Froner, L.A.C. Souza, A. Zarankin // Studies on Conservation. — 2015. — Vol. 60, № 3. — P. 211–216.

45. Degrigny C. Characterisation of corrosion product layers on atmospherically corroded historic ferrous objects: application to the ar-mour of the Palace Armoury, Valletta, Malta / C. Degrigny, D. Vella, S. Golfomitsou, J. Crawford // International conference on conservation strategies for for Saving Indoor Metallic Collections with a special sec-tion on legal issues in the Conservation of Cultural heritage (26–28 Feb-ruary 2007). — Cairo, 2007. — P. 31–39.

46. Fell V. Cremated: Analysis of the metalwork from an Iron Age grave / V. Fell // Metal. — 2004. — 4–8 October. — P. 514–519.

47. Fell V.Monitoring of archaeological and experimental iron at Fiskerton, England / V. Fell, J. Williams // Met. 04 Proc. Int. Conf. Met. Conserv. actes la conférence Int. sur la Conserv. des métaux, Canberra. — Aust. 4-8 Oct. 2004. — P. 17–27.

48. Jegdić B. Corrosion stability of corrosion products on an arc-haeological iron artifact / B. Jegdić, S. Polić-Radovanović, S. Ristić, A. Alil // International Journal of Conservation Science. — 2012. — Vol. 3, № 4. — P. 241–248.

49. Matthiesen H. Corrosion of archaeological iron artefacts compared to modern iron at the waterlogged site Nydam, Denmark / H. Matthiesen, L.R. Hilbert, D. Gregory, B. Sørensen // Euro-corr2004. — 2004. — P. 1–12.

50. Rehren T. 5,000 years old Egyptian iron beads made from hammered meteoritic iron / T. Rehren, T. Belgya, A. Jambon, G. Káli, Z. Kasztovszky, Z. Kis, I. Kovács, B. Maróti, M. Martinón-Torres, G. Miniaci, V.C. Pigott, M. Radivojević, L. Rosta, L. Szentmiklósi, Z. Szokefalvi-Nagy // Journal of Archaeological Science. — 2013. — Vol. 40, № 12. — P. 4785–4792.

51. Saheb M. Characterisation of corrosion layers formed on ferrous archaeological artefacts buried in anoxic media/ M. Saheb M., D. Neff, J. Demory., E. Foy E. P. Dillmann // Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology. — 2010. — Vol. 45, № 5. — P. 381–387.

52. Caple C. Identification and valuation of archaeological arte-facts: developments using digital X-radiography / C. Caple, V. Garlick, C. Caple, V.Garlick // Journal of the Institute of Conservation. — 2018. — Vol. 41, № 2. — P. 128–141.

53. Gil M.L.A. Use of X-ray and other techniques to analyse the phase transformation induced in archaeological cast iron after its stabilisation by the electrolytic method / M. L. A. Gil, A. Santos, M. Bethencourt, T. García, S. Fernández-Bastero, A. Velo, L. Gago-Duport // Analytica Chimica Acta. — 2003. — Vol. 494, № 1–2. — P. 245–254.

54. Wagner U. The stabilization of archaeological iron objects: Mössbauer and XRD studies / U. Wagner, T. Demoulin, R. Gebhard, W. Häusler, C. Mazzola, I. Meissner, F.E. Wagner // Hyperfine Interac-tions. — 2012. — Vol. 208, № 1–3. — P. 111–116.

55. Kiefer W. Deterioration of iron archaeological artefacts: mi-cro-Raman investigation on Cl-containing corrosion products Solenn / W. Kiefer, A.P. Mazzolini, P.R. Stoddart //Journal of Raman Spectros-copy. — 2007. — Vol. 38. — P. 389–397.

56. Neff D. Structural characterization of corrosion products on archaeological iron: an integrated analytical approach to establish corro-sion forms / D. Neff, S. Reguer, L. Bellot-Gurlet, P. Dillmann, R. Ber-tholon // Journal of Raman Spectroscopy. — 2004. — Vol. 35. — P. 739–745.

57. Coelho J.C. The efficiency of electrochemical methods for the removal of chloride ions from iron marine archaeological objects: A comparative study / J.C. Coelho, C.M. Oliveira, M.D. Carvalho, I.T.E. Fonseca // Materials and Corrosion. — 2014. — Vol. 65, № 1. — P. 38–44.

58. Wagner F.E., Gebhard R., Häusler W., Wagner U., Albert P., Hess H., Révay Z., Kudejová P., Kleszcz, K. Study of archaeological iron objects by PGAA, Mössbauer spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction // Hyperfine Interactions. — 2016. — Vol. 237, № 1.

59. Chadwick A.V. The application of X-ray absorption spec-troscopy in archaeological conservation: Example of an artefact from Henry VIII warship, the Mary Rose / A.V. Chadwick, A. Berko, E.J. Schofield, A.D. Smith, J.F.W. Mosselmans, A.M. Jones, G. Cibin // Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. — 2016. — Vol. 451. — P. 49–55.

60. Reguer S. Investigation of Cl corrosion products of iron arc-haeological artefacts using micro-focused synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy / S. Reguer, P. Dillmann, F. Mirambet, J. Susini, P. La-garde // Applied Physics A. — 2006. — Vol. 83, № 2. — P. 189–193.

61. Fedrigo A. Extraction of archaeological information from metallic artefacts — A neutron diffraction study on Viking swords / A. Fedrigo, F. Grazzi, A.R. Williams, T. Panzner, K. Lefmann, P.E. Lindelof, L. Jørgensen, P. Pentz, A. Scherillo, F. Porcher, M. Strobl // Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.– 2017. — Vol. 12. — P. 425–436.

62. Watkinson D. The use of neutron analysis techniques for detecting the concentration and distribution of chloride ions in archaeological iron / D. Watkinson, M. Rimmer, Z. Kasztovszky, Z. Kis, B. Maróti, L. Szentmiklósi // Archaeometry. — 2014. — Vol. 56, № 5. — P. 841–859.

63. Stuart B.H. Analytical techniques in materials conservation/ B.H. Stuart. — 2007. — John Wiley & Sons Ltd. — 446 p.

64. Selwyn L.S. The corrosion of excavated archaeological iron with details on weeping and akaganéite / L.S. Selwyn, P.I. Sirois, V. Argyropoulos // Studies in Conservation. — 1999. — Vol. 44, № 4. — P. 217–232.

65. Turgoose S. Structure, composition and deterioration of un-earthed iron objects / S. Turgoose // Current problems in the conserva-tion of metal antiquities. Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties (13). — Tokyo: Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties, 1993. — P. 35–52.

66. Kaneko K. Surface chemistry of FeOOH microcrystals / K. Kaneko // 13th International Symposium on the Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Property. — Tokyo: National Research Institute of Cultural Properties, 1989. — P. 42–62.

67. Otte K. Density functional theory study of water adsorption on FeOOH surfaces / K. Otte, W.W. Schmahl, R. Pentcheva // Surface Science. — 2012. — Vol. 606, № 21–22. — P. 1623–1632.

68. Chalyy V.P. Gidrookisi metallov (zakonomernosti obra-zovaniya, sostav, struktura i svoystva) / V.P. Chalyy. — Kiev: Nau-kova dumka, 1972. — 160 c.

69. Thickett D. Formation and transformation of akageneite // Archaeological iron conservation colloquium / D. Thickett — Stuttgart: State academy of art and design, 2010.

70. Weiser H.B.X-ray sStudies on the hydrous oxides. Beta ferric oxide monohydrate / H.B. Weiser, W.O. Milligan // Journal of the American Chemical Society. — 1935. — № 57. — P. 238–241.

71. Mackay A.L. Beta-ferric oxyhydroxide, akaganeite / A.L. Mackay // Mineralogical Magazine. — 1962. — № 33. — P. 270–280.

72. Snow C.L. Heat capacity studies of the iron oxyhydroxides akaganeite (β-FeOOH) and lepidocrocite (β-FeOOH) / C.L. Snow, S.J. Smith, B.E. Lang, Q. Shi, J. Boerio-Goates, B.F. Woodfield, A. Navrotsky // The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics. — 2011. — Vol. 43, № 2. — P. 190–199.

73. Rémazeilles C. On the formation of β-FeOOH (akaganeite) in chloride-containing environments / C. Rémazeilles, P. Refait // Corrosion Science. — 2007. — Vol. 49, № 2. — P. 844–857.

74. Cai J. Synthesis and anion exchange of tunnel structure aka-ganeite / J. Cai, J. Liu, Z. Gao, A. Navrotsky, S.L. Suib // Chemistry of Materials. — 2001. — Vol. 13, № 12. — P. 4595–4602.

75. Reguer S. Structural evidence for the desalination of aka-ganeite in the preservation of iron archaeological objects, using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction and absorption spectroscopy / S. Reguer, F. Mirambet, E. Dooryhee, J.-L. Hodeau, P. Dillmann, P. Lagarde // Corrosion Science. — 2009. — № 51. — P. 2795–2802.

76. Schwertmann U.Iron oxides in the laboratory. Preparation and characterization / U. Schwertmann, R.M. Cornell. — 2nd ed. — WILEY-VCH, 200AD. — 188 p.

77. González-Pereyra N. The use of subcritical fluids for the sta-bilization of concreted iron artifacts / N. González-Pereyra, T. Brocard, S.A. Cretté, de P. Viviés, M.J. Drews, P. Mardikian // Metal 2010: Pro-ceedings of the Interim Meeting of the ICOM-CC Metal Working Group, October 11-15, 2010, Charleston. — 2011. — P. 39–49.

78. Al-Zahrani, A. Chloride ion removal from archaeological iron and β-FeOOH / A. Al-Zahrani. — University of Wales, Cardiff, 1999. — 277 p.

79. Ishikawa T. Influence of metal ions on the formation of β-FeOOH particles / T. Ishikawa, R. Katoh, A. Yasukawa, K. Kandori, T. Nakayama, F. Yuse // Corrosion science. — 2001. — № 43. — P. 1727–1738.

80. Bakoyannakis D.N. Akaganeite and goethite-type nanocrys-tals: Synthesis and characterization / D.N. Bakoyannakis, E.A. Deliyan-ni, A.I. Zouboulis, K.A. Matis, L. Nalbandian, T. Kehagias // Micropor-ous and Mesoporous Materials. — 2003. — Vol. 59, № 1. — P. 35–42.

81. Thickett D. Determining the stability and durability of arc-haeological materials / D. Thickett, S. Lambarth, P. Wyeth // 9th International Conference on NDT of Art, Jersalem Israel. — 2008. — May. — P. 25–30.

82. Wang Q. Effect of relative humidity on the corossion of iron: an experiment view / Q. Wang // The British Museum Technical Research Bulletin. — 2007. — Vol. 1. — P. 65–73.

83. Hu Y., Chen K. Crystal splitting in the growth of β-FeO(OH) / Y. Hu, K. Chen // Journal of Crystal Growth. — 2007. — № 308. — P. 185–188.

84. Chitrakar R. Phosphate adsorption on synthetic goethite and akaganeite / R. Chitrakar, S. Tezuka, A. Sonoda, K. Sakane, K. Ooi, T. Hirotsu // Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. — 2006. — Vol. 298, № 2. — P. 602–608.

85. Blytholder G. Infrared and volumetric data on the adsorption of ammonia, water and other gases on activated iron (III) oxide/ G. Bly-tholder, E.A. Richardson // Journal of Physical Chemistry. — 1962. — № 66. — P. 2597.

86. Musić S., Krehula S., Popović S. Thermal decomposition of β-FeOOH / S. Musić, S. Krehula, S. Popović // Materials Letters. — 2004. — Vol. 58, № 3–4. — P. 444–448.

87. Watkinson D. Degree of mineralization: its significance for the stability and treatment of excavated ironwork/ D. Watkinson // Stu-dies in Conservation. — 1983. — № 29. — P. 85–90.

88. McGowan G. The significance of vivianite in archaeological settings / G. McGowan, J. Prangnell // Geoarchaeology: An Internation-al Journal. — 2006. — Vol. 21, № 1. — P. 93–111.

89. Matthiesen H., Hilbert L.R., Gregory D.J. Siderite as a cor-rosion product on archaeological iron from a waterlogged environment / H. Matthiesen, L.R. Hilbert, D.J. Gregory // Studies in Conservation. — 2003. — Vol. 48, № 3. — P. 183–194.

90. González N. Characterizing the chloride in the wrought iron rivets from the ‘Hunley’ / N. González, M.J. Drews, P. de Viviès, P. Mardikian // NACE Northern area Eastern conference, September 15–17. 2003. — Ottawa, 2003.

91. Watkinson D. First aid for finds / D. Watkinson, V. Neal. — United Kindom: Lavenham Press Limited, 2001. — 108 p.

92. Sease C.A.Conservation manual for the field archaeologist/ C.A. Sease. — 3rd ed. Los Angeles: Institute of archaeology, University of Caligornia, 1994. — 114 p.

93. Conservation manual for northern archaeologists / ed. Scott R., Grant T. 2007. — 39 p.

94. Cybul'skaya O.N. Sohranenie arheologicheskogo metalla / O.N. Cybul'skaya, I.Yu. Buravlev, A.A. Yudakov, Yu.G. Nikitin. — Vladivoctok: Dal'nauka, 2012. — 90 s.

95. Yudakov A.A. Vazhneyshie principy konservacii i res-tavracii arheologicheskih ob'ektov (s ispol'zovaniem opyta rabo-ty nauchnoy laboratorii konservacii v Nacional'nom muzee Korei) / A.A. Yudakov, Yu.G. Nikitin, O.N. Cybul'skaya, I.Yu. Buravlev // Rossiya i ATR. — 2010. — № 3. — S. 94–101.

96. North N.A. Washing method for chloride removal from ma-rine iron artifacts / N.A. North, C. Pearson // Studies in Conservation. — 1978. — Vol. 23, № 4. — P. 174–186.

97. Selwyn L.S.Removal of chloride and iron ions from archaeo-logical wrought iron with sodium hydroxide and ethylenediamine solu-tion / L.S. Selwyn, V. Argyropoulos // Studies in Conservation. — 2003. — Vol. 50. — P. 83–100.

98. McCawley J.C.A mobile conservation laboratory service / J.C. McCawley, T.G. Stone // Studies in Conservation. — 1983. — Vol. 28. — P. 97–106.

99. Damaskin B.B. Petriy O.A. Vvedenie v elektro-himicheskuyu kinetiku / B.B. Damaskin, O.A. Petriy. — M.: Vyssh. shkola, 1975. — 416 s.

100. Turgoose S. Post-Excavation changes in iron antiquities / S. Turgoose // Studies in Conservation. — 1982. — Vol. 27. — P. 97–101.

101. Kergourlay F. Mechanisms of the dechlorination of iron arc-haeological artefacts extracted from seawater / F. Kergourlay, C. Réma-zeilles, D. Neff, E. Foy, E. Conforto, E. Guilminot, S. Reguer, P. Dill-mann, F. Nicot, F. Mielcarek, J. Rebière, P. Refait // Corrosion Science. — 2011. — Vol. 53, № 8. — P. 2474–2483.

102. Bartuli C. In situ conservation by cathodic protection of cast iron findings in marine environment / C. Bartuli, R. Petriaggi, B. Da-vidde, E. Palmisano, G. Lino, R. Siciliana // 9th International. Confe-rence NDT Art. — 2008. — May. — P. 25–30.

103. Enning D. Corrosion of iron by sulfate-reducing bacteria: New views of an old problem / D. Enning, J. Garrelfs // Applied and Environmental Microbiology. — 2014. — Vol. 80, № 4. — P. 1226–1236.

104. Lemenovskiy D.A. Voskresit' ushedshie epohi / D.A. Le-menovskiy, M.S. Shemahanskaya, G.P. Brusova // Priroda. — 2010. — № 1. — S. 15–21.

105. Stahl K. On the akageneite crystal structure, phase transformations and possible role in post-excavation corrosion of iron artefacts / K. Stahl, K. Nielsen, J. Jiang, B. Lebech, J.C. Hanson, P. Norby, J. Lanschot // Corrosion science. — 2003. — № 45. — P. 2563–2575.

106. Post J.E. Crystal structure refinement of akageneite / J.E. Post, V.F. Buchwald // American Mineralogist. — 1991. — № 76. — P. 272–277.

107. Argyropoulos V. Developing a conservation treatment using ethylenediamine as a corrosion inhibitor for wrought iron objects found at terrestrial archaeological sites / V. Argyropoulos, L.S. Selwyn, J.A. Logan // Metal 95 conference proceedings. — 1997. — P. 153–158.

108. Organ R.M. The washing of treated bronzes / R.M. Organ // Museums Journal. — 1955. — Vol. 55, № 5. — P. 112–119.

109. Gilberg M.R. The alkaline sodium sulphite reduction process for archaeological iron: a close look / M.R. Gilberg, N.J. Seeley // Stu-dies in Conservation. — 1982. — Vol. 27, № 4. — P. 180–184.

110. Nikitin M.K. Himiya v restavracii / M.K. Nikitin, E.P. Mel'nikova. — L.: Himiya, 1990. — 304 s.

111. Hamilton D.L. Sonservation of metal objects from underwa-ter sites: a study in methods / D.L. Hamilton // Texas Antiquities Com-mittee Publication. — 1976. — Vol. 1. — P. 108.

112. Pourbaix M. Atlas of electrochemical equilibria in aqueous solutions / M. Pourbaix. — New York: Pergamon Press, 1966. — 108 p.

113. Baudouin A. Corrosion d’objet archéologiques enfer après déchlorurations par la méthode au sulfite alcalin; caractérisation physico-chimique et retraitement électrochimique in METAL 95 / A. Baudouin // Proceedings of the International ICOM-CC Metal WG Conference. — London: James & James, 1995. — P. 170–177.

114. González-Pereyra N. The effects of cathodic polarization, soaking in alkaline solutions and subcritical water on cast iron corrosion products / N. González-Pereyra, D. Cook, P. de Viviés, M.J. Drews, P. Mardikian// Metal 2007: Proceedings of the Interim Meeting of the ICOM-CC Metal Working Group, September 17-21, 2007, Amsterdam. 2007. — P. 32–37.

115. Burshneva S.G. Primenenie ul'trazvuka pri stabilizacii zheleznyh arheologicheskih predmetov v rastvore schelochnogo sul'-fita / S.G. Burshneva, O.B. Kuznecova, N.V. Smirnova // Nauchno-tehnicheskiy vestnik Povolzh'ya. — 2013. — № 6. — S. 66–68.

116. Degrigny C. Electrochemical monitoring of marine iron arte-facts during their storage/stabilisation in alkaline solutions / C. Degrigny, L. Spiteri // Proceedings of Metal. — 2004. — October. — P. 315–331.

117. Hernandez-Escampa M. Electrochemical assessment of the restoration and conservation of a heavily corroded archaeological iron artifact / M. Hernandez-Escampa, J. Gonzalez, J. Uruchurtu-Chavarin // Journal of Applied Electrochemistry. — 2010. — Vol. 40, № 2. — P. 345–356.

118. Kapatou E. An electrical resistance monitor study of the post-excavation corrosion of archaeological iron / E. Kapatou, S.B.Lyon // 9th International Conference on NDT of Art. — 2008. — May. — P. 25–30.

119. Dalard F. Chloride removal from archaeological cast iron by pulsating current / F. Dalard, Y. Gourbeyre, C. Degrigny // Studies in Conservation. — 2002. — Vol. 47, № 2. — P. 117–121.

120. Krma F. Application of low temperature plasmas for restora-tion/conservation of archaeological objects / Krma F., Blahová L., Fojtíková P., Graham W.G., Grossmannová H., Hlochová L., Horák J., Janová D., Kelsey C.P., Kozáková Z., Mazánková V., Procházka M., Pikryl R., Ádková L., Sázavská V., Vaíek M., Veverková R., Zmrzlý M. // Journal of Physics: Conference Series. — 2014. — Vol. 565, № 1. — P. 0–10.

121. Patscheider J. Application of low-pressure hydrogen plasma to the conservation of ancient iron artifacts / J. Patscheider, S. Vepřek // Studies in Conservation. — 1985. — Vol. 31, № 1. — P. 29–37.

122. Schmidt-Ott K. Plasma-reduction: its potential for use in the conservation of metals / K. Schmidt-Ott // Proceedings of Metal. — 2004. — P. 235–246.

123. Sjogren A. Hydrogen plasma reactions in a D.C. mode for the conservation of iron meteorites and antiquities / A. Sjogren, V.F. Buchwald. // Studies in Conservation. — 1991. — Vol. 36, № 3. — P. 161–171.

124. Vepřek S. Restoration and conservation of archeological arti-facts by means of a new plasma-chemical method / Vepřek S., Elmer J.T., Eckmann C., Jurcik-Rajman M. // Journal of The Electrochemical Society. — 1987. — Vol. 134, № 10. — P. 2398–2405.

125. Comensoli L. Use of bacteria to stabilize archaeological iron / Comensoli L., Maillard J., Albini M., Sandoz F., Junier P., Joseph E.// Applied and Environmental Microbiology. — 2017. — Vol. 83, № 9.

126. North, N.A. Thermal decomposition of FeOCl and marine cast iron corrosion products / N.A. North, C. Pearson // Studies in Con-servation. — 1977. — Vol. 22, № 3. — P. 146–157.

127. Glotch, T.D. Thermal transformations of akaganaite and lepidocrocite to hematite: Assessment of possible precursors to Martian crystalline hematite / T.D. Glotch, M.D. Kraft // Physics and Chemistry of Minerals. — 2008. — Vol. 35, № 10. — P. 569–581.

128. González N.G. The use of subcritical fluids for the stabilisa-tion of archaeological iron: An overview / González N.G., Mardikian P., Näsänen L., Drews M.J. // Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Her-itage Metallic Artefacts. — 2013. — P. 434–465.

129. Näsänen L.M.E. The applicability of subcritical fluids to the conservation of actively corroding iron artifacts of cultural significance / Näsänen L.M.E., González-Pereyra N.G., Cretté S.A., DeVivieś P. // Journal of Supercritical Fluids. — 2013. — Vol. 79. — P. 289–298.

130. Bayle M. Corrosion product transformations in alkaline baths under pressure and high temperature: The sub-critical stabilisation of marine iron artefacts stored under atmospheric conditions / M. Bayle, P. de Viviés, J.B. Memet, E. Foy, P. Dillmann, D. Neff //Materials and Corrosion. — 2016. — Vol. 67, № 2. — P. 190–199.

131. Drews M.J. A study of the analysis and removal of chloride in iron samples from the Hunley / M.J. Drews, P. de Viviés, N.G. González, P. Mardikian// Metal 04: proceedings of the Internation-al Conference on Metals Conservation actes de la conférence internatio-nale sur la conservation des métaux, Canberra, Australia, 4–8 October 2004. — P. 247–260.

132. Mardikian P. Conservation and management strategies ap-plied to post-recovery analysis of the American civil war submarine H.L. Hunley (1864) / P. Mardikian // International Journal of Nautical Archaeology. — 2004. — Vol. 33, № 1. — P. 137–148.

133. Žic M. The effect of temperature on the crystallization ofα-Fe2O3 particles from dense β-FeOOH suspensions / M. Žic, M. Ristić, S. Musić // Materials Chemistry and Physics. — 2010. — Vol. 120, № 1. — P. 160–166.

134. Žic, M. Microstructural changes in particles detected during the transformation from β-FeOOH to α-Fe2O3 in dense aqueous suspensions / M. Žic, M. Ristić, S. Musić // Journal of Alloys and Com-pounds. — 2008. — Vol. 464, № 1–2. — P. 81–88.

135. Buravlev I.Yu. The method of archaeological iron hydro-thermal stabilization in subcritical temperature alkaline solution / I.Y. Buravlev et al. / I. Yu. Buravlev, O.N. Tsybulskaya, A.A. Yudakov, Yu.G. Nikitin // Proceeding of 20th Anniversary Festival of Korea Society of Conservation Science of Cultural Heritage and the 34th International Conferences of the Korean Society of Conservation Science of Cultural Heritage. — South Korea, Buyeo. — 2011. — P. 63–66.

136. Buravlev I.Yu. Obrabotka zheleznyh arheologicheskih predmetov vodnymi schelochnymi rastvorami v usloviyah subkriti-cheskih temperatur i davleniy / I.Yu. Buravlev, O.N. Cybul'skaya, A.A. Yudakov, A.Yu. Chirikov, Yu.G. Nikitin, V.A. Titova // V Mezhdunarodnaya konferenciya po himii i himicheskoy tehnologii, 25–29 sentyabrya 2017 g. — Erevan: Institut obschey i neorganiche-skoy himii NAN RA, 2017. — S. 50–53.

137. Ashkenazi D. A method of conserving ancient iron artefacts retrieved from shipwrecks using a combination of silane self-assembled monolayers and wax coating / D. Ashkenazi, I. Nusbaum, Y. Shacham-Diamand, D. Cvikel, Y. Kahanov, A. Inberg // Corrosion Science. — 2017. — Vol. 123, January. — P. 88–102.

138. Singh D.D.N. Chemical corrosion control for sour crude oil pipelines / D.D.N. Singh, T.B. Singh, P. Chatterjee, B.B. Paty, K.P. Mukherjee // Corrosion Prevention &Control. — 1990. — P. 37–41.

139. Favre-Quattropani L. The protection of metallic archaeologi-cal objects using plasma polymer coatings / L. Favre-Quattropani, P. Groening, D. Ramseyer, L. Schlapbach // Surface and Coatings Tech-nology. — 2000. — Vol. 125, № 1–3. — P. 377–382.

140. Climate for Collections: Standards and Uncertainties / ed. Ashley-Smith J., Burmester A., Eibl M. — Archetype Books, 2013. — 456 p.

141. Sredstva sozdaniya optimal'nogo mikroklimata v muzey-nyh zdaniyah i zdaniyah-pamyatnikah kul'tovoy arhitektury / pod red. V.N. Dedik. — M.:VNIIR, 1987. — 151 s.

142. Nazaroff W.W. Airborne particles in museums / W.W. Naza-roff, M.P. Ligocki, L.G. Salmon, G.R. Cass, T. Fall, M.C. Jones, H.I.H. Liu // Marina del Rey, CA: Getty Conservation Institute, 1993. — 138 p.

143. Grzywacz C.M. Monitoring for gaseous pollutants in mu-seum environments / C.M. Grzywacz. — Los Angeles: The Getty Con-servation Institute, 2006. — 177 p.

144. Oxygen-free museum cases / ed. Maekawa S. The Getty Conservation Institute, 1998. — 71 p.

145. Schaeffer T.T. Effects of light on materials in collections. Data on photoflash and related sources / T.T. Schaeffer. — Los Angeles, California: The Getty Conservation Institute, 2001. — 212 p.

146. Biologicheskie vrediteli muzeynyh hudozhestvennyh cennostey i bor'ba s nimi / pod red. V.N. Dedik. — M.: VNIIR, 1991. — 101 s.

147. Rebrikova N.L. Biologiya v restavracii / N.L. Rebrikova, T.P. Sizova. — M.: RIO GosNIIR, 1999. — 184 s.

148. Dushkina L. Zaschita muzeev ot hischeniy i pozharov / L. Dushkina, N. Princev; pod red. I.V. Baranova. — M.: RIO Gos-NIIR, 1995. — 68 s.

149. Rebrikova N.L. Rukovodstvo po diagnostike mikrobio-logicheskih povrezhdeniy pamyatnikov iskusstva i kul'tury / N.L. Rebrikova. — M.: Tovarischestvo nauchnyh izdaniy KMK, 2008. — 80 s.

150. Devina R.A. Mikroklimat cerkovnyh zdaniy (osnovy normalizacii temperaturno-vlazhnostnogo rezhima pamyatnikov kul'tovoy arhitektury) / R.A. Devina. — M.: GosNIIR R, 2000. — 120 s.

151. Devina R.A. Muzeynoe hranenie hudozhestvennyh cenno-stey / R.A. Devina i dr. — M.: RIO GosNIIR, 1995. — 205 s.

152. Toskina I.N. Nasekomye-vrediteli hudozhestvennyh cennostey / I.N. Toskina. — M.: Tovarischestvo nauchnyh izdaniy KMK, 1998. — 40 s.

153. Toskina I.N. Nasekomye v muzeyah (Biologiya. Profilak-tika zarazheniya. Mery bor'by) / I.N. Toskina, I.N. Provorova. — M., 2007. — 220 s.

154. Johnson E.V. Museum collection storage / E.V. Johnson, J.C. Horgan // United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Or-ganization, 1979. — 58 p.

155. Appelbaum B. Conservation treatment methodology / B.Appelbaum. — 2011. — 470 p.

156. Pahunov A.S. Conservation Science: istoki i perspekti-vy / A.S. Pahunov, A.A. Burovaya // Kul'turnoe nasledie: sohrane-nie, restavraciya, renovaciya: materialy seminara «Problemy restavracii i obespecheniya sohrannosti pamyatnikov kul'tury i istorii».2011. — SPb., 2012. — S. 28–34.

157. Tite M.S. Conservation science: a view from four perspec-tives / M.S. Tite // The Interface Between Science and Conservation. — London: British Museum, 1991. — P. 15–23.

158. May E. Conservation Science: heritage materials // Royal So-ciety of Chemistry / E. May, M. Jones. — Cambridge. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2007. — 390 p.

159. X-rays for Archaeology / ed. M. Uda, G. Demortier, I. Na-kai — Springer, 2005. — 308 p.

160. Pavlova A.E. Analiz vliyaniya sostava i rH patiniruyu-schih rastvorov na koloristicheskie harakteristiki patiny / A.E. Pavlova // Dizayn. Materialy. Tehnologiya. — 2013. — T. 1. — № 26. — S. 79–83.

161. Pavlova A.E. Vliyanie himiko-tehnologicheskih paramet-rov processa patinirovaniya na koloristicheskie harakteristiki patiny / A.E. Pavlova, E.I. Pryahin // Trudy Akademii Tehnicheskoy Estetiki i Dizayna. — 2014. — № 1. — S. 19–22.

162. Pavlova A.E. Razrabotka upravlyaemogo processa patini-rovaniya izdeliy dekorativno-prikladnogo iskusstva, obespechi-vayuschego poluchenie zadannogo cveta: avtoref. dis. kand. tehn. nauk: 17.00.06 [Mesto zaschity FGBOU VPO «Sankt-Peterburgskiy gos-universitet tehnologii i dizayna] / A.E. Pavlova. — SPb.: SPGUTD, 2013. — 121 s.

163. Tayt M. Vliyanie estestvennyh nauk na arheologiyu // Us-pehi fizicheskih nauk. — 1972. — T. 107. — № 1. — S. 125–140.

164. Handbook of Archaeological Sciences / ed. Brothwell D.R., Pollard A.M. John Wiley & Sons, LTD. — 2001. — 796 p.

165. Speakman R.J., Shackley M.S. Silo science and portable XRF in archaeology: A response to Frahm //Journal of Archaeological Science. — Vol. 40. — № 2. — P. 1435–1443.

166. Hunt A.M.W., Speakman R.J. Portable XRF analysis of arc-haeological sediments and ceramics // Journal of Archaeological Science. — 2015. — Vol. 53. — P. 628–638.

167. Frahm E. Validity of “off-the-shelf” handheld portable XRF for sourcing Near Eastern obsidian chip debris // Journal of Archaeolog-ical Science. — Vol. 40. — № 2. — P. 1080–1092.

168. Madariaga J.M. Analytical chemistry in the field of cultural heritage // Analyticalmethods. — 2015. — Vol. 7. — № 12. — P. 4848–4876.

169. Odegaard N. Material characterization tests for objects of art and archaeology / N. Odegaard, S. Carroll, W.S. Zimmt. — Archetype Publications, 2005. — 230 p.

170. Derrick M.R. Infrared spectroscopy in conservation science / M.R. Derrick, D.C. Stulik, J. Landry. — 1st ed. Getty Conservation Institute. — 1999. — 248 p.

171. Goodhew P.J. Electron Microscopy and Analysis. 3rd ed. London: Taylor and Francis / P.J. Goodhew, J. Humphreys, R. Beanland. — 2001. — 264 p.

172. Adriaens A., Dowsett M.G. Electron microscopy and its role in the cultural heritage studies / A. Adriaens, M.G. Dowsett // Non-Destructive Microanalysis of Cultural Heritage Materials. — 2004. — P. 73–128.

173. Birdi K.S. Scanning Probe Microscopies: Application in Science and Technology. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2003. — 328 p.

174. Kumar A.V.R. Corrosion product analysis of corrosion resis-tant ancient indian iron / A.V.R. Kumar, R. Balasubramaniam // Corrosion science. — 1998. — Vol. 40. — № 7. — P. 1169–1178.

175. Salnick A.O. Photoacoustic FT-IR spectroscopy of natural copper patina / A.O. Salnick, W. Faubel // Applied Spectroscopy. — 1995. — Vol. 49. — № 10. — P. 1516–1524.

176. Wadsak M. Multianalytical in situ investigation of the initial atmospheric corrosion of bronze / M. Wadsak, T. Aastrup, I. Odnevall Wallinder, C. Leygraf, M. Schreiner // Corrosion science. — 2002. — Vol. 44. — № 4. — P. 791–802.

177. Bouchard M.. Database of 74 Raman spectra of standard minerals of relevance to metal corrosion, stained glass or prehistoric rock art /M. Bouchard, D.C. Smith // Raman Spectroscopy in Archaeology and Art History / ed. Edwards H.G.M., Chalmers J.M. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry, 2005. — P. 17–40.

178. Robinet L. Case study: application to Raman spectroscopy to corrosion products / L. Robinet, D. Thickett // Raman Spectroscopy in Archaeology and Art History / ed. Edwards H.G.M., Chalmers J.M. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry. — 2005. — P. 325–334.

179. Hayez V. Micro-Raman spectroscopy for the study of corro-sion products on copper alloys: setting up of a reference database and studying works of art / V. Hayez, J. Guillaume, A. Hubin, H. Terryn // Journal of Raman spectroscopy. — 2004. — Vol. 35. — № 89. — P. 732–738.

180. Wagner F.E., Kyek A. Mossbauer spectroscopy in archaeolo-gy: Introduction and experimental considerations / F.E. Wagner, A. Kyek // Hyperfine Interactions. — 2004. — Vol. 154. — P. 5–33.

181. Cook D.C. Application of Mössbauer spectroscopy to the study of corrosion / D.C. Cook // Hyperfine Interactions. — 2004. — Vol. 153. — № 1–4. — P. 61–82.

182. Hsia Y., Huang H. Mössbauer Studies in Chinese Archaeolo-gy: A Review / Y. Hsia, H. Huang // Hyperfine Interactions. — 2003. — Vol. 150. — № 1–4. — P. 33–50.

183. Johanson E.M. The feasibility of the pixe technique in the analysis of stamps and art objects / E.-M. Johanson, S.A.E. Johanson, K.G. Malmqvist, I.M.B. Wiman // Nuclearinstruments andmethods in physicalresearch, B. — 1986. — Vol. 14. — № 1. — P. 45–49.

184. Klein S. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for on-line control of laser cleaning of sandstone and stained glass / S. Klein, T.Stratoudaki, V. Zafiropulos, J. Hildenhagen, K. Dickmann, Th. Lehmkuhl // Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing.– 1999. — Vol. 69. — № 4. — P. 441–444.

185. Scott D.A. The examination of a pre-hispanic gold chisel from Colombia / D.A. Scott, N.J. Seeley // Journal of Archaeological Science. — 1983. — Vol. 10. — № 2. — P. 153–163.

186. Bourgarit D. The elemental analysis of ancient copper-based artefacts by inductively-coupled-plasma atomic-emission spectrometry: An optimized methodology reveals some secrets of the Vix crater / D. Bourgarit, B. Mille// Measurement Science and Technology. — 2003. — Vol. 14. — № 9. — P. 1538–1555.

187. Coustures M.P. The Use of Trace Element Analysis of En-trapped Slag Inclusions To Establish Ore-Bar Iron Links: Examples From Two Gallo-Roman Iron-Making Sites in France (Les Martys, Montagne Noire, and Les Ferrys, Loiret) / M.P. Coustures, D. Beziat, F. Tollon, C. Domergue, L. Long, A. Rebiscoul // Archaeometry. — 2003. — Vol. 45. — № 4. — P. 599–613.

188. Acquaviva S. Elemental analyses by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy as restoration test on a piece of ordnance / S. Acquaviva, M.L. De Giorgi, C. Marini, R. Roso // Journal of Cultural Heritage.– 2004. — Vol. 5. — № 4. — P. 365–369.

189. Melessanaki K. The application of LIBS for the analysis of archaeological ceramic and metal artifacts / K. Melessanaki, M. Mateo, S.C. Ferrence, P.P. Betancourt, D. Anglos // Applied Surface Science. — 2002. — Vol. 197–198. — P. 156–163.

190. Chiavari C. Corrosion evaluation of traditional and new bronzes for artistic castings / C. Chiavari, A. Colledan, A. Frignani, G. Brunoro // Materials Chemistry and Physics. — 2006. — Vol. 95. — № 2–3. — P. 252–259.

191. Creagh D.C. et al. Diffraction and fluorescence studies of bushranger armour / D.C. Creagh, G. Thorogood, M. James, D.L. Hallam // Radiation Physics and Chemistry. — 2004. — Vol. 71. — № 3–4. — P. 839–840.

192. De Ryck I. A comparison of microbeam techniques for the analysis of corroded ancient bronze objects / I. De Ryck, A. Adriaens, E. Pantos, F. Adams // Analyst. — 2003. — Vol. 128. — № 8. — P. 1104–1109.

193. García-Heras M. A conservation assessment on metallic ele-ments from Spanish Medieval stained glass windows / M. García-Heras, M.A. Villegas, E. Cano, F.C. Pizano, J.M. Bastidas // Journal of Cultural Heritage.– 2004. — Vol. 5. — № 3. — P. 311–317.

194. Leyssens K. Simultaneous in situ time resolved SR-XRD and corrosion potential analyses to monitor the corrosion on copper / K. Leyssens, A. Adriaens, M.G. Dowsett, B. Schotte, I. Oloff, E. Pantos, A.M.T. Bell, S.P. Thompson // Electrochemistry Communications.– 2005. — Vol. 7. — № 12. — P. 1265–1270.

195. Linke R. The application of photon, electron and proton in-duced X-ray analysis for the identification and characterisation of me-dieval silver coins / R. Linke, M. Schreiner, G. Demortier // Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B:Beam Interac-tions with Materials and Atoms. — 2004. — Vol. 226. — № 1–2. — P. 172–178.

196. Pantos E. Neutron and X-ray characterisation of the metallurgical properties of a 7th century BC Corinthian-type bronze helmet / E. Pantos, W. Kockelmann, L.C. Chapon, L. Lutterotti, S.L. Bennet, M.J. Tobin, J.F.W. Mosselmans, T. Pradell, N. Salvado, S. Butí, R. Garner, A.J.N.W. Prag // Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms.– 2005. — Vol. 239. — № 1–2. — P. 16–26.

197. Uda M. Portable X-ray diffractometer equipped with XRF for archaeometry / M. Uda, A. Ishizaki, R. Satoh, K. Okada, Y. Nakajima, D. Yamashita, K. Ohashi, Y. Sakuraba, A. Shimono, D. Kojima // Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms.– 2005. — Vol. 239. — № 1–2. — P. 77–84.

198. Hunt A.M.W., Speakman R.J. Portable XRF analysis of arc-haeological sediments and ceramics / A.M.W. Hunt, R.J. Speakman // Journal of Archaeological Science. — 2015. — Vol. 53. — P. 626–638.

199. Abraham M.H. The study of thick corrosion layers on arc-haeological metals using controlled laser ablation in conjuction with an external beam microprobe / M.H. Abraham, G.W. Grime, M.A. Marsh, J.P. Northover // Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. — 2001. — Vol. 181. — № 1–4. — P. 688–692.

200. Denker A. Influence of corrosion layers on quantitative anal-ysis / A. Denker, W. Bohne, J. Opitz-Coutureau, J. Rauschenberg, J. Röhrich, E. Strub // Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Re-search, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. — 2005. — Vol. 239. — № 1–2. — P. 65–70.

201. Spoto G. Chemical and structural properties of ancient metallic artefacts: multitechnique approach to study of early bronzes / G. Spoto, E. Ciliberto, G.C. Allen, C.M. Younes, P. Piccardo, M.R. Pinasco, E. Stagno, M.G. Ienco, R. Maggi // British Corrosion Journal. — 2000. — Vol. 35. — № 1. — P. 43–47.

202. Aitken M.J. Archaeological dating using physical phenomena // Reports on Progress in Physics. — 1999. — Vol. 62. — № 9. — P. 1333–1376.

203. Libby W.F. Radiocarbon dating. Chicago: University of Chi-cago Press, 1955. 175 p.

204. Parfenov M.I. Radiouglerodnyy metod opredeleniya ab-solyutnogo vozrasta i perspektivy ego ispol'zovaniya v Yakutii / M.I. Parfenov // Nauka i tehnika v Yakutii. — 2012. — T. 1. — № 22. — C. 27–32.

205. Kuz'min Ya.V. Radiouglerodnyy metod i ego primenenie v sovremennoy nauke / Ya.V. Kuz'min // Vestnik Rossiyskoy akademii nauk. — 2011. — T. 81. — № 2. — S. 127–133.

206. Schuur E.A.G. Radiocarbon and Climate Change: Mechan-isms, Applications and Laboratory Techniques / E.A.G. Schuur, S.E. Trumbore, E.R.M. Druffel // Radiocarbon and Climate Change: Mechanisms, Applications and Laboratory Techniques. — 2016. — P. 1–315.

207. Klein L.S. Arheologiya sporit s fizikoy, spor o dosto-vernosti i tochnosti radiougledrodnogo hronologii / L.S. Klein // Priroda. — 1966. — T. 2. — № 3.

208. Chichagova O.A. Radiocarbon Dating: Past, Present-Day and Future — Development of I.P. Gerasimov Ideas / O.A. Chichagova, E.P. Zazovskaya // Dokuchaev Soil Bulletin. — 2015. — Vol. 81. — P. 160–176.

209. Anderson E.C. Measurement of Low Level Radiocarbon / E.C. Anderson, J.R. Arnold, W.F. Libby // Review of Scientific Instru-ments. — 1951. — Vol. 22. — № 4. — P. 225–230.

210. Libby W.F. Age Deternzination by Radiocarbon Content : Assay of Natural Radiocarbonl / W.F. Libby, E.C. Anderson, J.R. Ar-nold // Science. — 2014. — Vol. 109. — № 2827. — P. 227–228.

211. Imberti S. Neutron diffractometer INES for quantitative phase analysis of archaeological objects / S. Imberti, W. Kockelmann, M. Celli, F. Grazzi, M. Zoppi, A. Botti, A. Sodo, M.L. Imperiale, M. de Vries-Melein, D. Visser, H. Postma // Measurement Science and Tech-nology. — 2008. — Vol. 19. — № 3.

212. Peilstöcker M. Non-destructive neutron diffraction study of internal structure of archaeological metal artifacts from Israel / M. Peilstöcker, S. Shilstein, S. Shalev// 9th International Conference on NDT of Art, Jerusalem Israel, 25-30 May 2008. — 2008. — Vol. 79. — № 7300. — P. 25–30.

213. Grazzi F. From Koto age to modern times: Quantitative cha-racterization of Japanese swords with Time of Flight Neutron Diffraction / F. Grazzi, L. Bartoli, F. Civita, R. Franci, A. Paradowska, A. Scherillo, M. Zoppi // Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry. — 2011. — Vol. 26. — № 5. — P. 1030–1039.

214. Fedrigo A. Neutron diffraction characterization of Japanese armour components / A. Fedrigo, F. Grazzi, A. Williams, A. Scherillo, F. Civita, M. Zoppi // Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry. — 2013. — Vol. 28. — № 6. — P. 908–915.

215. Neutron Methods for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage. 1st ed. / ed. Kardjilov N., Festa G. Springer, 2017. — 349 p.

Login or Create
* Forgot password?