DEVICE REALIZATION OF MAGNETIC METHOD FOR DEFINITION OF METAL STRENGTHENED LAYER THICKNESS IN ROLLING-STOCK AXLE
Rubrics: TRANSPORT
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The simplest and accessible method for rolling-stock axle surface strengthening is surface processing with cold plastic deformation by means of rolling. This process is one of the stages in manufacturing diesel locomotive and car axles of a rolling-stock. The basic parameters of rolling engineering process are micro-hardness of a metal surface strengthened layer and its depth, which at present are controlled by means of cutting out longitudinal polished specimens from the axle and in case of the deviation from the required value the whole set axles is rejected. That is why there is offered a method of the non-destruction control of micro-hardness and depth of axle strengthening the essence of which is not only in the control of a strengthening degree value, but in the instant correction of rolling equipment in case of the deviation from the parameter, as this device is integrated in the interface of a rolling machine. In such a way, an actual value of strengthened layer micro-hardness will be always within the specified limits. The principle of device operation is based on the topography changes in the scattering magnetic field of preliminary magnetized local volume of ferromagnetic material. There are shown numerical experiments for the dependence parameter definition of a scattering field of a magnetic mark from thickness and magnetic properties of a strengthened metal layer which had given a possibility to obtain the analytical dependences of a strengthened layer thickness and coercive force of the strengthened layer upon the parameters of a horizontal and vertical constituents of the scattering field strength of the magnetic mark. There are obtained results of natural experiments which allow defining magnetic properties of the upper metal layer in the axle and checking the correctness of data obtained at numerical computations, computation errors do not exceed 6%. The integration circuit of the mentioned structure-scope in the configuration of a rolling machine to obtain a feedback on a micro-hardness value of a surface strengthened layer.

Keywords:
knurling machine, rest, roller, strengthening, metal, magnetic field, electromagnet, ferro-probe
References

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