The author analyzes “a security deposit” as a new named way to enforce the obligations established by the civil legislation of the Russian Federation. Studying of the latest amendments of civil law in the sphere of obligations will determine the actual directions of the further development of contractual security relations. The purpose of the article — based on the study of the doctrine of the Russian civil law, the Concept of development of Russian civil legislation, legislation and court practice to determine the legal nature of the security deposit, its characteristics and differences from other ways of enforcement of the money obligations — forfeit and deposit. Particular attention is paid to the problems of enforcement of security payments as the named ways to enforce the obligations under the preliminary agreements, and also revealed the inconsistency of court practice in this area.
contractual relations, way to enforce the obligations, security deposit, penalty, key money, preliminary agreement.
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