THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF CYCLICAL DYNAMICS OF THE ECONOMY
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Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The basic theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of the causes of cyclical fluctuations in economic development, which are divided into traditional and evolutionary-institutional ones, are considered. It is demonstrated that the evolutionary-institutional model of dynamics in the economy is the most important direction in the short and long term, since general trends in the dynamics of the structure of the global economy indicate the transition of developed countries to a post-industrial society. It is shown that the concept of technological modes is a theoretical continuation of the fundamental theory of "long waves" of N.D. Kondratiev. The evolutionary characteristics of technological modes are demonstrated. The theory of development of the social sector of economy in the post-industrial era by A.V. Tebekin as the development of the social sector of economy in the phases of overcoming and overcoming the global economic crisis of technological nature in the 2020-2030s within the framework of the sixth technological mode is considered. It was pointed out that the sixth technological mode is already forming an advanced reserve in cognitive technology, due to further acceleration of scientific and technological progress, as well as with the development of the seventh technological mode, expected in the 2070s, with a core based on cognitive technology. In addition, A.V. Tebekin considers the provisions of the cognitive school as a school based on the process of cognition, intellectual search as a methodological basis, the formation of an inducing vector of exit from the crisis of the 2020s.

Keywords:
theoretical and methodological approaches, technological structure, structural changes, cognitive technologies, socio-economic development, public sector of the economy
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